Nature conservation

Threatened species

Dwarf Mountain Pine - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Pherosphaera fitzgeraldii
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered
Commonwealth status: Endangered
Profile last updated: 20 Oct 2020


Ascending or erect shrub with drooping branches to 1 m tall, or sometimes with straggling branches, and to 2 m in diameter. The leaves are 2.5 - 3.5 mm long, narrow, whitish on the upper surface, and green and shining below. Male cones are approximately 6 mm long. Female cones are approximately 3 mm long with 4 - 8 scales. This species was previously called Microstrobos fitzgeraldii.


All currently-known populations occur in the upper Blue Mountains between Wentworth Falls and Katoomba, a range of nine kilometres. Pre-1950 records occur at Katoomba Falls, Leura Falls and Bonnie Doon Falls. All sites fall within the Blue Mountains local government area.

Habitat and ecology

  • Found within the spray zone or associated drip lines and seepage areas of waterfalls on steep, sandstone cliffs and ledges, at altitudes between 680 and 1000 metres above sea level.
  • The sites face south-east to south-west, and being on near-vertical to vertical slopes or under overhangs, are heavily shaded. The degree of shading from other plants varies from none on exposed cliffs and ledges to up to 70% from nearby rainforest plants on larger, lower ledges and overhang caves.
  • Plants appear to be long-lived and have low mortality rates, and are slow-growing.
  • Plants bear either female or male cones; female plants are more common. Male or female cones may be present at any time of year. Abundant female cones may be produced on some plants every year, and can contain well developed seed.
  • Very few young plants are present, and they may have mostly originated from a broken branch or root forming a new plant.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Sydney BasinWollemi Known None