Sandstone Rough-barked Apple - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Angophora robur
Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Vulnerable
Profile last updated: 29 Aug 2018


This tree is one of the ‘apples’, eucalypt-like trees with paired leaves and, often, gnarled limbs. It grows up to 10 m tall, and is smaller and more twisted than most angophoras. It has rough grey bark and is distinguished by its unusually large leaves, up to 18 cm long and 7.5 cm wide. The leaves may be rather bristly and are paler below. The white, clustered flowers are followed by large, ribbed fruits up to 1.6 cm long and wide.


Occurs in a band from around Glenreagh, north-west of Coffs Harbour, to the Coaldale area north-west of Grafton, with an isolated occurrence farther west near Nymboida. It can be locally common.

Habitat and ecology

  • Dry open forest in sandy or skeletal soils on sandstone, or occasionally granite, with frequent outcrops of rock.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastCoffs Coast and Escarpment Known None
NSW North CoastDalmorton Known None
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Lowlands Known None
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Sandstones Known None