Nature conservation

Threatened species

Artesian Springs Ecological Community in the Great Artesian Basin - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Artesian Springs Ecological Community in the Great Artesian Basin
Conservation status in NSW: Critically Endangered Ecological Community
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 17 May 2015
Profile last updated: 01 Nov 2022


Naturally restricted to the artesian springs of the Great Artesian Basin in north-western NSW. The springs occur where artesian water emerges at the surface through fault-lines in the overlying rock and produce mounds from the salts and sediments as the water evaporates. The vegetation within the community frequently consists of sedges or similar vegetation, however, trees and shrubs may be adjacent to the springs or nearby.


Occurs at the edges of the Great Artesian Basin. Mostly found in Queensland and South Australia, however, a few occur in the Mulga Lands, Darling Riverine Plains and Cobar Peneplain Bioregions of New South Wales. In New South ales the highest density of artesian springs are located around the shore of Peery Lake within the Paroo-Darling National Park.

Habitat and ecology

  • Flow rates, water depth, water temperature and chemistry vary within and between springs; this provides a variety of habitat types.
  • Vegetation structure and floristics may be influenced by grazing pressure; the persistence of some species is dependent upon grazing by native herbivores to control competitors.
  • Though further study is required, it is thought that fire may assist in maintaining or increasing flows from the vent and may help control the dominant plant species that out compete other plant species of conservation concern (e.g., Eriocaulon carsonii).
  • Springs within the Threatened Ecological Community can be classified as either artesian spring mounds (raised above surface)or as mud springs (level with surface) and can be active (permanently wet) or inactive (dry).

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Brigalow Belt SouthLiverpool Plains Predicted None
Brigalow Belt SouthMoonie-Barwon Interfluve Predicted None
Brigalow Belt SouthNarrandool Known None
Cobar PeneplainCanbelego Downs Known None
Darling Riverine PlainsBogan-Macquarie Known None
Darling Riverine PlainsCulgoa-Bokhara Predicted None
Darling Riverine PlainsLouth Plains Predicted None
Darling Riverine PlainsWarrambool-Moonie Predicted None
Mulga LandsCuttaburra-Paroo Known None
Mulga LandsKerribree Basin Known None
Mulga LandsNebine Plains Known None
Mulga LandsParoo Overflow Known None
Mulga LandsParoo-Darling Sands Known None
Mulga LandsWarrego Plains Predicted None
Mulga LandsWarrego Sands Known None
Mulga LandsWest Warrego Known None