Kangaloon Sun Orchid - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Thelymitra kangaloonica
Conservation status in NSW: Critically Endangered
Commonwealth status: Critically Endangered
Gazetted date: 28 Oct 2011
Profile last updated: 17 Aug 2018


Thelymitra kangaloonica (Thelymitra sp. Kangaloon) is a sun orchid. It is described as having a leaf with thickness 150-350 x 5-25mm. The flower stem is 200-560 high x 2-3.5 mm wide and there are 2-15 flowers per spike.  The flowers are 15-30 mm across, deep blue with darker veins, externally brownish. Sterile bracts 2-3, large, lowest bract leaf-like. Sepals and petals 8-18 x 4-8 mm. Column 5.5-6.5 x 2.5-3.5 mm, white to pale blue; post-anther lobe 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, yellow with dark purple collar, curved, slender, notched, lobes toothed; column arms 1.5-2.3 mm long, obliquely erect; hair-tufts mop-like, dense, white, with hairs 1-1.6 mm long.


Thelymitra kangaloonica (Thelymitra sp. Kangaloon) is only known to occur on the southern tablelands of NSW in the Moss Vale / Kangaloon / Fitzroy Falls area at 550-700 m above sea level.  It is known to occur at three swamps that are above the Kangaloon Aquifer. These swamps are a part of the ecological community "Coastal Upland Swamp" which is listed under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 as an Endangered Ecological Community, also known as “Temperate Highland Peat Swamps on Sandstone” which is listed under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

The majority of known plants are located on land managed by the Sydney Catchment Authority. One small population is located in Budderoo National Park. It is likely that the number of mature individuals of Thelymitra kangaloonica (Thelymitra sp. Kangaloon) is very low, with less than 250 plants known

Habitat and ecology

  • It is found in swamps in sedgelands over grey silty grey loam soils
  • It is thought to be a short-lived perennial, flowering in late October and early November

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Sydney BasinMoss Vale Known None