Environmental issues

Pests and weeds

Resources useful in implementing the threat abatement plan

Various resources were developed to assist site managers to implement the Bitou Bush and Boneseed Threat Abatement Plan (Bitou TAP) (06115TAPtext.pdf, 886 KB) at priority sites.

Identification guide to the native species at risk from bitou bush in NSW

The Bitou TAP identified 157 native plant species, three plant populations and 24 ecological communities at risk from bitou bush and boneseed invasions in NSW. However, the TAP does not provide specific information to identify them. In addition, as many are rare or poorly known, information is not readily available elsewhere to help land managers to identify them in the field.

Native plant species at risk from bitou bush invasion: a field guide for NSW (Department of Environment and Climate Change 2008) was developed as a companion document to the Bitou TAP. This field guide aims to assist all land managers, contractors and volunteer community groups working on bitou bush control or restoring bitou bush invaded sites.


 Native plants at risk from bitou bush fieldguide

 The guide can only be downloaded in sections:

The subsections can be linked by using the bookmark pane if all files are saved in the same directory using their original file names.


Using the field guide

For each plant species, plant population and ecological community, the following information is available to help identify the biodiversity:

  • photographs or illustrations of the biodiversity at risk
  • visual symbols to help with fast identification
  • a written description to help confirm the identity.

Best-practice management of bitou bush and boneseed

A key objective of the Bitou TAP is the use of best practice management. Comprehensive management manuals have been produced for bitou bush and boneseed to help land managers maximise the chances of successful bitou bush or boneseed control while limiting off-target damage to native species.

Bitou bush and other weed control should be planned, and follow a staged-approach to remove the threat bitou bush poses to priority species and ecological communities.

The following resources explain best practice management techniques when controlling bitou bush:

Bitou bush management manual

Bitou bush management manual cover 

Boneseed management manual

Boneseed management manual cover  

For more information on bitou bush and boneseed, visit the national bitou bush and boneseed site.

Educational material

A key aim of the Bitou TAP is community education and awareness. As a result, resources to inform the community of the impact of bitou bush on native species, raise community awareness of the bitou bush threat, and involve the community in the implementation of the TAP were developed. These include Bitou TAP site signs placed at priority sites across the state, banners, bookmarks, stickers and magnets.

Page last updated: 30 August 2013