Do I need a licence to harm (including shoot) kangaroos?
Harming (killing, injuring or capturing) kangaroos in New South Wales without a licence is illegal.
If you need to cull kangaroos to manage their impact on your property, and you can't engage a licensed commercial kangaroo harvester to remove kangaroos from your property (see option 3 above), then you will need a licence to harm kangaroos (see option 4 above).
Licences are not granted for recreational shooting.
Do I need a licence to harm other native animals?
If you need to harm native animals, besides kangaroos, to manage their impacts, you will need a different type of licence. Types of licences to harm include:
- a licence to harm kangaroos permits harm to kangaroos, wallabies and wallaroos
- a licence to harm native animals permits harm to other protected native animals.
If you need to control both kangaroos and other native animals on your property, you will need to apply separately for each relevant licence type.
How many kangaroos can I harm on my property?
On your licence application, you will be asked how many kangaroos you think you need to cull to manage the impacts of kangaroos on your property.
Your application will be assessed by National Parks and Wildlife Service staff, who may authorise you to cull up to the maximum limits shown below based on the species requested and the location and size of your property.
How do I know what species I have on my property?
Our website contains information and pictures of kangaroo and wallaby species.
If you're unsure about the species that are causing damage on your property, seek advice from your local National Parks and Wildlife Service area office.
How do I know what kangaroo management zone my property is in?
Our website contains maps of each kangaroo management zone.
If you're unsure of your kangaroo management zone, you can contact your local National Parks and Wildlife Service office.
What is a 'bushfire-affected property'?
Research suggests intense bushfires may result in significant reductions in kangaroo populations in some areas, due to deaths and movement of kangaroos. If National Parks and Wildlife Service staff determine that your property is in one of these areas, they will consider this when determining cull limits for your licence.
How has non-commercial kangaroo licensing changed over the last few years?
On 8 August 2018, the NSW Government approved new licence conditions to assist landholders manage the impact of kangaroos during the drought while maintaining animal welfare standards and ecologically sustainable kangaroo populations.
The changes included:
- carcass tags are no longer required
- ecologically sustainable limits on the number of kangaroos that may be culled, based on property size
- previous and current licence holders can apply for licences over the phone
- shooter details are registered by the landholder and provided to the National Parks and Wildlife Service after culling operations, rather than with the licence application
- carcasses may be used by landholders or registered shooters for non-commercial purposes
- Local Land Services now assist landholders by facilitating connections with licensed harvesters and experienced volunteer recreational shooters.
View the licence conditions for licences to harm kangaroos (PDF 32KB).
How will the kangaroo population be sustainably managed?
The Wildlife Trade Management Plan for the Commercial Harvest of Kangaroos in New South Wales 2022–26 establishes quotas to ensure kangaroo populations in the harvest zones remain ecologically sustainable.
Commercial quotas are usually set at 17% of the population for red kangaroos and 15% for eastern and western grey kangaroos and wallaroos. Non-commercial licence limits are set each year based on the updated kangaroo population estimates and commercial harvest quotas published in the Kangaroo Management Plan quota reports.
The Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water closely monitors the total number of kangaroos authorised to be culled under licences to harm, and the number harvested under the commercial harvest program. If the combined cull and harvest numbers approach the ecologically sustainable limits, the department will inform the relevant staff who assess non-commercial licence applications and may also lower the maximum limits on the number of kangaroos that can be harmed under non-commercial licences. Any changes to maximum limits will be published on this website.
How will animal welfare be managed?
All non-commercial shooting of kangaroos and wallabies must comply with the National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Non-Commercial Purposes to ensure kangaroos are killed in a way that minimises pain and suffering. Landholders must ensure all shooters operating under their licence are provided with a copy of this code.
As well, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1979 applies to harming kangaroos in New South Wales.
Compliance with this Act is monitored and enforced by the NSW Police Force, the NSW RSPCA and the Animal Welfare League NSW.
In addition, the NSW Department of Primary Industries Game Licensing Unit has developed the Volunteer Non-Commercial Kangaroo Shooters Best Practice Guide (PDF 525KB), which covers critical aspects of safe and humane kangaroo culling including legislative requirements, kangaroo species identification, firearm calibres and projectiles, marksmanship and shot placement, disease identification and handling game meat.
What methods can I use to harm kangaroos?
The National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Non-Commercial Purposes specifies acceptable methods of shooting kangaroos, including:
- the type of firearms and ammunition that must be used
- how shooting must be conducted (shooting from moving vehicles or helicopters is not permitted)
- where to aim to ensure a sudden and humane death
- procedures to minimise pain and suffering of shot animals and euthanase dependent young.
Any proposal to use a method other than shooting in accordance with the code should be discussed with your local National Parks and Wildlife Service office before submitting a licence application.
Who can help with shooting kangaroos on my property?
Persons with a valid firearms licence and appropriate firearms can assist with shooting kangaroos on your property under a licence to harm kangaroos.
Shooters are no longer required to be listed on the licence application form and the Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water no longer issues separate licences to shooters. Instead, licence holders must maintain a register of the names and firearms licence numbers of shooters and provide this detail to National Parks and Wildlife Service in their licence return.
Local Land Services has established a register of licensed commercial harvesters, and professional and experienced volunteer recreational shooters who are willing to assist landholders to manage kangaroos. Landholders who wish to obtain contact details of a shooter in their region can visit the Local Land Services website for more information to register online.
Is there a limit on the number of shooters?
No. There is no limit on the number of shooters that can operate on your property at any one time; however, culling operations must be done in a manner that ensures the safety of all persons on your and nearby properties, including any adjoining public land.
How can I ensure shooting is legal and safe?
All people authorised to shoot kangaroos under a licence to harm kangaroos are required to comply with firearms laws and firearms licence conditions.
All shooters must hold a current firearms licence appropriate for the firearm being used. This licence must include at least one genuine reason that is consistent with their kangaroo-shooting activity.
The GunSmart campaign offers useful tips and tools to help shooters to keep themselves and others safe.
For more information about firearms laws and licences, contact the NSW Firearms Registry.
How will risks to neighbouring properties be managed?
Kangaroo culling on or near small properties may pose a risk to the safety and amenity of people and livestock on neighbouring properties.
The following arrangements apply to ensure this risk is managed:
- the number of kangaroos that can be culled on properties of 20 hectares or less will be determined on a case-by-case basis, but will not exceed the limits set for properties between 20 and 40 hectares
- licences issued to properties of 20 hectares or less will include a condition requiring the licensee to consult with police regarding which firearms may be used – this condition may also be included on licences for larger properties that are adjacent to smaller properties or rural communities.
Do I need to tag kangaroos harmed on my property?
No. Tags are no longer required to be attached to carcasses of animals culled under a non-commercial licence to harm kangaroos.
Commercial tags are still required for kangaroos harvested by licensed kangaroo harvesters.
Can I use the carcasses under a licence to harm kangaroos?
Non-commercially, yes. The 'shoot and let lie' licence condition no longer applies.
Carcasses must not be sold, swapped or traded. Landholders and shooters may use them for any non-commercial secondary purpose, including for pest animal baiting programs.
What records do I need to keep?
If you have been a granted a licence to harm kangaroos, you need to keep records of:
- the name and firearms licence details of all shooters operating under your licence
- how many animals of each species listed on your licence were harmed and who harmed them.
Records must be provided to your local National Parks and Wildlife Service office with 7 days of the expiry of your licence. Further licence applications may not be considered if record sheets are not provided.
There are 2 ways to provide your records:
- complete the record sheet you received when you were granted your licence and submit it to your local National Parks and Wildlife Service office by email, post or in person
- call your local National Parks and Wildlife Service office and provide the records over the phone.