OEH manages water on behalf of the NSW Government, the Commonwealth Environmental Water Office and The Living Murray (TLM) program.
Although warm dry conditions were forecast, the water year began with reasonable reserves of water across much of the state because of widespread rain in 2016.
We worked with community advisory groups to build on the successes of previous years while holding some water in reserve for future dry times.
Water was used strategically to:
- support habitat health
- provide essential refuge sites as the system dried down
- make subtle but important changes to river flow patterns at a number of locations to provide triggers for native fish to breed
- connect rivers with key floodplain wetlands and give native fish increased access to habitat and food.
By the end of 2017, water managers were again planning for dry conditions and low water availability. In consultation with community advisory groups, we put in place adaptive management plans. These plans aim to maintain critical refuge habitat and retain the gains made after the 2016 flood.
Murray and Lower Darling catchments
In 2017–18 we:
- delivered 270 gigalitres of water to rivers, creeks and wetlands on private and public land
- managed a flow in the Lower Darling that triggered Murray cod breeding and enabled this important population to connect with the Murray River, which built on the success of a breeding event in 2016
- worked with partner agencies to manage a delivery of water to connect the Murray River with the Millewa wetlands and Edward–Wakool river system, which connected the river and floodplain, increased access to habitat and boosted food production for native fish as well as encouraging breeding and movement
- used water for the environment to sustain waterbird breeding events and support the endangered southern bell frog
- monitored flows that recharged groundwater reserves, supporting a myriad of wetland plants including our iconic river red gums and Moira grass plains.
In this catchment in 2017–18 we:
- managed watering events that triggered golden perch to breed in significant numbers
- managed a whole-of-system flow, in collaboration with partner agencies, to connect hundreds of wetlands between the mid-Murrumbidgee and Murray junction
- monitored a golden perch breeding event at Yanga Lake that revealed hundreds of thousands of juveniles that likely spawned in the river or Yanga Creek during the whole-of-system flow event; the lake provided the ideal nursery habitat for the young fish to grow and a food source for thousands of pelicans and other birds that fed on the fish
- maintained refuge habitat for native fish, southern bell frogs and turtles as well as waterbird species including the endangered Australasian bittern
- managed a total of 270 gigalitres to support the lifecycle and resource needs of the native plants and animals at home in the catchment.
It was a dry year in the Lachlan catchment with many lakes and ephemeral creeks drying down.
A highlight of the year was the recovery of aquatic plants at the Lake Brewster outflow wetlands. For the first time since the outflow wetlands were constructed, water for the environment provided the trigger for extensive beds of water milfoil, ribbon weed, rushes and water grasses to establish.
In addition to the strong wetland plant response there was another pelican breeding event – for which the outer wetlands provided some important feeding areas for the birds.
Water for the environment was released in spring and early summer in 2017-18 and this:
- provided opportunities for native fish to feed, breed and move along the length of the river
- enhanced flows in the mid-Lachlan anabranch creeks to:
- improve habitat and opportunities for fish to access habitat
- partially inundate reed beds, open water bodies and fringing wetland vegetation at the Great Cumbung Swamp.
In this catchment in 2017-18 we:
- inundated core semi-permanent wetlands in the Macquarie Marshes; a ‘pre-wet’ flow primed the system and improved water efficiency for a follow-up flow
- inundated semi-permanent wetland plant communities including reed beds, water couch and mixed marsh and river red gum forest; low numbers of waterbirds were recorded breeding
- supported breeding and movement of native fish including Murray cod in the mid-Macquarie River and lower-Macquarie River channels.
The Gwydir catchment contributed flows to the Northern Basin Connectivity event in 2017–18. This joint effort between the NSW and Australian Governments aimed to support river health and connect rivers in the Barwon–Darling system. Water was delivered into the Barwon River via the Gwydir and downstream of the Mehi River and Carole-Gil Gil creeks, giving native fish access to additional food and habitat along the delivery path and creeks within the lower catchment.
Rainfall and dam inflows in the catchment provided triggers for managed watering events. These events, plus follow-up flows and dam releases:
- supported habitat health
- supported breeding and movement of native fish
- supported native fish during a period between high-volume irrigation releases, when rivers were low
- provided more natural flow patterns for the Gingham and Lower Gwydir watercourses
- provided an influx of food to native fish, such as Murray cod and golden perch and allowed them to move into suitable habitat in the lead up to winter.
OEH also managed a delivery of water into the Peel River. This release coincided with releases from the Keepit Dam on the Namoi River, which:
- inundated low lying benches in the Peel River that, when wetted, wash nutrients into the river and stimulates food production
- enabled the connection between the Peel and Namoi River systems, providing the opportunity for fish movement on a larger scale.
Office of Environment and Heritage