Grey-headed flying-foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus) are listed as vulnerable under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 and the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Black flying-foxes, (P. alecto), and little red flyingfoxes, (P. scapulatus), are not threatened, but are protected species under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (NPW Act).
Compliance with the standards in the Code is a condition of licences issued under s. 120 of the NPW Act, to rehabilitate and release sick, injured and orphaned protected fauna. Failure to comply with a licence condition is an offence under s. 133 of the NPW Act, and may result in a penalty infringement notice being issued or a prosecution being commenced.
Compliance with this Code does not remove the need to abide by the requirements of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1979 and any other laws and regulations, such as the Local Government Act 1993.