Jervis Bay National Park contains forests, woodlands, heathlands and wetland communities as well as beaches and estuaries. Eight endangered ecological communities, 14 rare or threatened plant species and 34 species of threatened fauna have been recorded in the park, including breeding sites for the little tern and significant populations of the endangered eastern bristlebird. Lake Wollumboola, the largest shallow saline lagoon on the NSW south coast, supports large populations of waterbirds. The park has high Aboriginal social values and contains 15 recorded Aboriginal sites.
Woollamia Nature Reserve contains forest and wetland vegetation communities and habitats for forest dependent threatened fauna. The Endangered Ecological Community ‘Swamp Sclerophyll Forest’ occurs along drainage lines in the reserve.