Quorrobolong scribbly gum woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion - endangered ecological community listing

NSW Scientific Committee - final determination

The Scientific Committee, established by the Threatened Species Conservation Act, has made a Final Determination to list the Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion as an ENDANGERED ECOLOGICAL COMMUNITY in Part 3 of Schedule 1 of the Act. The listing of endangered ecological communities is provided for by Part 2 of the Act.

The Scientific Committee has found that:

1. Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland is the name given to the ecological community occurring on a residual sand deposit overlying the Permian clay sediments in the Hunter Valley. The Ecological Community is characterised by the species assemblage listed below.


Acacia parvipinnulaAllocasuarina littoralis
Angophora costataAristida vagans
Banksia spinulosavar. collinaBillardiera scandens
Breynia oblongifoliaCallistemon pinifolius
Comesperma ericinumCorrea reflexavar. reflexa
Cryptostylis subulataDampiera stricta
Daviesia ulicifoliaDillwynia retorta
Entolasia strictaEragrostis brownii
Eucalyptus piperitaEucalyptus racemosa
Eucalyptus resinifera subsp. resiniferaEucalyptus punctata
Exocarpos cupressiformisGahnia aspera
Glycine clandestinaGompholobium minus
Goodenia heterophyllasubsp. heterophyllaGoodenia rotundifolia
Hakea sericeaHardenbergia violacea
Hibbertia diffusaImperata cylindricavar. major
Jacksonia scopariaLaxmannia compacta
Leptospermum trinerviumLeptospermum polygalifoliumsubsp. cismontanum
Leucopogon juniperinusLomandra cylindrica
Lomandra glaucaLomandra multiflorasubsp. multiflora
Lomandra obliquaLomatia silaifolia
Melaleuca nodosaMelaleuca sieberi
Microlaena stipoidesvar. stipoidesNotelaea venosa
Panicum similePaspalidium distans
Persoonia linearisPhyllanthus hirtellus
Platysace ericoidesPolyscias sambuccifolia
Pomax umbellataPratia purpurascens
Pteridium esculentumSyncarpia glomuliferasubsp. glomulifera
Themeda australisXylomelum pyriforme
Zieria smithiisubsp. smithii

3. The total flora species list for the community may be larger than that given above, with many species present in only one or two sites or in very small quantity. In any particular site not all of the assemblage listed above may be present. At any one time, above ground individuals of some species may be absent, but the species may be represented below ground in the soil seed bank or as dormant structures such as bulbs, corms, rhizomes, rootstock or lignotubers. The community includes invertebrates, many of which are poorly known, as well as vertebrates; some invertebrate species may be restricted to sediments or canopy trees and shrubs. The species composition of the site will be influenced by the size of the site and by its recent disturbance history. The number of species and the above-ground composition of species will change with time since fire, and may also change in response to changes in fire regime, e.g. fire frequency.

4. Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland is known from a small area between Quorrobolong and Mulbring in the Cessnock Local Government Area but may occur elsewhere. It occupies gentle slopes and rises on a residual sand deposit overlying the Permian clay sediments of the Hunter Valley floor.

5. Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland differs in floristic composition from other woodland communities on sand deposits within the region in the presence and importance ofEucalyptus racemosa in the canopy and the presence ofEucalyptus piperita,E. resiniferaandSyncarpia glomulifera.Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland Ecological Community was not described in NSW NPWS (2000) but is a distinct community differing from other communities described in that report.

6. The currently known extent of the Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland is about 70 ha; the pre-European extent is estimated as about 160 ha, a reflection of the limited area of the sand deposit on which it occurs.

7. No part of the Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland occurs within a conservation reserve. A small part, about 6 ha, is within the Bow Wow Creek Gorge site listed on the Register of the National Estate.

8. Threats to the Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland include the very limited extent of the community, exposing it to stochastic disturbance events, clearing, grazing, inappropriate fire regimes and the spread of weeds.

9. In view of the above the Scientific Committee is of the opinion that the Quorrobolong Scribbly Gum Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion is likely to become extinct in nature in New South Wales unless the circumstances and factors threatening its survival or evolutionary development cease to operate.

Proposed Gazettal date: 23/08/02

Exhibition period: 23/08/02 - 27/09/02


NSW NPWS (2000). Vegetation Survey and Mapping - Lower Hunter and Central Coast Region. Report prepared for the Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environment Management Strategy, Version 1.1, April 2000. 178pp.

About the NSW Scientific Committee

Page last updated: 28 February 2011