Frogs are great for your garden and home. They eat insects like houseflies and maggots, mosquitoes, cockroaches, and spiders.
Frogs can travel large distances to find food and suitable habitats to live. They live on land but return to water to breed.
Frog populations are declining around the world for a range of reasons, including habitat loss and disease. Frogs absorb oxygen and other compounds through their skin. This makes them sensitive to pesticides, herbicides and skin conditions such as chytrid fungus.
In Australia, the introduced and widespread plague minnow (Gambusia holbrooki) fish eat frogspawn and tadpoles, which puts further pressure on frog populations.
Identifying native frogs from cane toads
Native frogs and other animals are impacted by the introduced cane toad.
Cane toads are sometimes mistaken for native frogs, but there are some easy ways to identify a cane toad. For example, cane toads have no finger or toe pads, they have a boney ridge over each eye with a horizontal pupil and are bad climbers.
Peron’s tree frogs, one of our native frogs that some people mistake for a cane toad, do have finger and toe pads, have a distinct cross-shaped pupil and are good climbers.
What frog is that?
The Australian Museum has developed the FrogID citizen science project to help identify and map different frog species by the unique calls they make, or their ‘audio DNA’.
Male frogs use their call to attract females of the same species. These calls are often the most accurate way to identify frog species in the wild as many frogs look similar. You can: