The techniques described here rely on observation of animals, or their traces (such as footprints, droppings, digging sites or burrows). Although capture may sometimes be necessary for identification, it requires specialised knowledge, skills and equipment, and it risks injury and stress to both the animal and handler.
Observing the wildlife on any property provides a fascinating insight into animals’ habits and preferred habitats. Observation records can also be valuable to scientific researchers and others working to understand and conserve natural heritage. Interested landholders can get to know their wildlife better than anyone — being well placed to record changes in patterns of wildlife activity over time and seasons, as well as occasional chance sightings that organised surveys may miss.